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THE TYPOLOGY OF RUSSIAN REGIONS ACCORDING TO THE LEVEL OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT IN THE MANUFACTURING SECTOR

T. Dubrova, M. Esenin, O. Shulaeva
Thursday 8 November 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

Identifying reserves for development in the manufacturing sector in Russia points to the need to not only strengthen the positions of large enterprises, but to also fully realise the potential of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). In this regard, the purpose of this study was to identify typological groups in Russia’s regions that differ in the level and balance of SMEs’ development in the manufacturing sector. This study was based on data from the Russian Federal State Statistics that reflects the development of entrepreneurship in Russia’s various regions. The data processing was carried out using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and a number of multivariate statistical analysis procedures. In order to construct comprehensive estimates of the level of regional development of SMEs in the manufacturing sector, principal component analysis was used. Over the course of the study, the ratings of Russia’s regions were constructed according to the level of development of two categories of enterprises in the manufacturing sector: (a) small and (b) medium. This allowed for the identification of typological groups of regions that differed in their degree of balanced development of the manufacturing enterprises’ analysed categories. The features of the obtained regional segments, in relation to the direction (profile) and the level of economic development, are revealed in this study. It seems promising to build ratings of regions on the developmental levels of different size groups of manufacturing enterprises on a regular basis. This approach allows for the identification of changes to the positions of the Russian Federation’s subjects, the definition of the most successful regions, along with the dynamic nature of the development of manufacturing SMEs, as well as problem regions. Comparison of the composition of selected typological groups of regions in the dynamics is aimed at revealing structural changes that are taking place in a timely manner. The results of this analysis contribute to the development of measures that may further support manufacturing SMEs and may be adapted to regional characteristics, as well as identify effective forms of interaction between different enterprise categories in Russia’s manufacturing sector.

Keywords: small and medium enterprises, manufacturing


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