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CARSHARING – OPPORTUNITIES AND THREATS FOR CITIES: PROPOSALS OF SOLUTIONS FOR URBAN POLICY

P. M. Smolnicki, J. Soltys
Friday 9 November 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

The carsharing of a current generation is a short-term car renting service with a capability to find in the nearest surrounding a fleet car parked anywhere in the public space where the previous user left it, as well as to book, open, rent and pay of, with the use of a dedicated mobile application. Nowadays, only a minority of municipalities is considering implementing the carsharing in their policies. The lack of awareness of decision-makers about carsharing results from the lack of a research regarding complex problems related to the carsharing diffusion, therefore it is justified to take up the topic. The purpose of the article is (1) to present positive and negative effects of the carsharing development, and (2) to indicate principles and tools for the urban policy to counteract threats and promote development according to positive scenario. A scenario method using the intuitive-logic approach was applied, preceded by a structural analysis, that is, the study of dependencies between variables. The realization of a positive or pessimistic scenario depends on political decision-makers and their intellectual background. Carsharing is both an opportunity and a threat to the city, therefore it may result in significant changes on spatial structures, depending on the urban policy.

Keywords: carsharing, public transport, scenarios, urban policy, urban structures


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