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FORMER INDUSTRIAL COMPLEXES OF CRACOW VS. CONTEMPORARY URBAN SPACE

M. Wdowiarz-Bilska
Friday 9 November 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

In the today’s spatial structure of the centre of Cracow there are many places associated with the former functions of industry or craftsmanship. Due to rapid development of the city in the 20th century industrial plants, which in the 19th century were located in the suburbs, are now in its central part. The goal of the study is to determine in what way old and unused industrial areas can create contemporary urban spaces. What is their potential to build an attractive public space? What is the attitude of the municipal authorities and investors to making use of this potential? The research, carried out by means of observations, investigations of maps, and local analyses, pertains to a number of historical industrial complexes in Cracow. The results indicate that despite the historical value of many structures, many of them have been demolished and replaced with architecture exhibiting low aesthetical values. These areas are assigned to services, predominantly big shopping centres, as well as to residential development. Some projects highlight the industrial identity of a particular location. Other designs are completely detached from the past, losing historical heritage and impoverishing public spaces. Most frequently new projects are not particularly attractive.

Keywords: urban space, public space, industrial heritage, transformation, Cracow


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