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THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT: EFFECTS OF REDEVELOPMENT OF TWO CITY SQUARES

R. Czajka, A. Sobolewski
Friday 9 November 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

The city as a living organism in order to be attractive to residents, and also for tourists, must respond to the needs and challenges of the present. Even the historic areas, if they do not represent the exceptional monumental value – a subject of strict protection and conservation, undergo evolutionary changes. Today, in many urban areas an intensive process of restoring space to the users is ongoing. The idea of the city as it was known from about a half century ago (global activities of the Danish architect and urban planner professor Jan Gehl) have taken on a new dimension. The number of implementations that fit in modernization and revitalization trends provide great study material for analysis. In the paper the authors, using a comparative analysis of two case studies of European contemporary implementations in the transformation of public space and the city square, will generate factors responsible for their architectural, functional, and social effects (which does not always mean success). The study discusses a kind of catalogue of universal elements that ensure a positive perception of the "built environment" created in this way. The first case is the Nowy Targ Square in Wroclaw. The second case is Praça de Lisboa in Porto.

Keywords: City, Public Space, Square, Revitalization


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