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THE INTEGRATION OF ARCHITECTURE AND LANDSCAPE AS A MODEL FACTOR FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

W. Bal, M. Czalczynska-Podolska
Friday 9 November 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

Developing adequate methods for stocktaking of landscape resources and for assessment of the landscape is a key issue for its proper preservation and shaping, which are determinant actions conditioning sustainable development and spatial order. The need to develop a method for assessing the cultural landscape, adapted to contemporary ways of defining its attractiveness (considering not only aesthetic or utilitarian but also social and emotional aspects), is clearly visible in the context of the dynamics of the cultural landscape transformation of coastal towns. The purpose of this article is to verify the author’s method of evaluation taking a holistic approach to the assessment of the cultural landscape, namely combining ecological, social, cultural and spatial aspects. As a basis for the development of assessment criteria, the integration of architecture and landscape was defined as a synergy of factors influencing different layers and this definition was adopted. The developed assessment criteria were used for the evaluation of selected four coastal urban projects in the West Pomerania region. As a result, it is possible to identify elements affecting the disintegration of space, and thus the threats to the cultural landscape and the desired directions of activities for its protection. The proposed method owing to the universal provision of assessment criteria, can be used to strengthen the protection or devise a conceptual plan for the development of an area, not only within the local coast.

Keywords: integration of architecture and landscape, cultural landscape, landscape assessment


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