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FIGURES OF THE WOMAN IN THE RENAISSANCE

I. Para, D. Stanciu
Friday 9 November 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

The present paper is intended to be an analysis of the female ideal during the Renaissance period, respectively during the 14th-17th centuries, both in the realities of the times and in the art. The Italian Renaissance was inspired by Greek-Roman mythology, i.e. Olympus was fascinated by the goddess of beauty, Venus, as well as the ideal of the Middle Ages represented by Virgin Mary and Eve. Although the Church blames the feminine beauty as a source of sin, the prosperous Renaissance society divinises the beauty of the divine creation and believes that the beauty of the woman corresponds to that soul. During this time the criteria of feminine beauty are defined and set true canons and measurements to be respected to become the ideal woman. It is also during these times that the first women’s clothing treaties, with the differences of the social classes, and the cosmetic procedures treaties were written. Many women from different social classes have become models for the great Renaissance genius artists, such as Michelangelo, da Vinci, Titian, Rafael, and Botticelli. The models of perfection and elegance of Renaissance Florentine noble feminine women remain Beatrice d’Este and Isabella d’Este, in contradiction with the controversial Lucrezia Borgia. In the works of the geniuses of Florence appears the model of the real woman with voluptuous forms, the fertile woman, and the eloquent example being Madonna of Rafael. The beauty made from the inside is at the antipode, with freedom and detachment from the viewer and the world of senses, Mona Lisa, which explores uninterrupted inner wealth. With the feminine ideal imposed by the Renaissance, a different kind of love was created than the one based on physical and sensory beauty, the spiritual and mystical dimension of romantic love was discovered.

Keywords: woman, model, art, canon


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