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DOI: 10.5593/sgemsocial2014/B11/S1.077

WOMEN IN WLADYSLAW HEINRICH’S LABORATORY OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY

A. Smywinska-Pohl
Saturday 1 November 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2014, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-22-3 / ISSN 2367-5659, September 1-9, 2014, Book 1, Vol. 1, 591-598 pp

ABSTRACT
The main aim of this article is to aquaint the readers with the history of women in Wladyslaw Heinrich’s laboratory of experimental psychology at the Jagiellonian University. I will present historical background and women education and their activity at the Jagiellonian University and I and also a bried description of the founder of the Laboratory, Wladyslaw Heinrich.In the end of the XIX century Galician universities started to solve a problem of the higher education for women. After several years of researches and debates, according to regulations issued by the Ministry of Religions and Education in Vienna, Faculty of Philosophy at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow allowed women to study as ordinary students.In the beginning of the XX century philosophy was strongly combined with psychology, especially experimental one, and cognitive sciences. At the Jagiellonian University there was a laboratory of experimental psychology supervised by Wladyslaw Heinrich (1869-1957). He was a Polish historian of philosophy, member of Polish Academy of Arts and Science and the founder of a first laboratory of experimental psychology in Eastern Europe (1903). A special feature of his attitude was that he engaged woman-researches both in his studies and in the laboratory. I would like to present Jagiellonian University as a leading center of experimental psychology in this part of Europe and show contribution of women to development of sciences. I will present three woman-researchers:
Stefania Adler (1891 – 1943) – a specialist in ancient philosophy and a psychologist. She conducted research on memory techniques, mainly on the chain method (also known as a mnemonic link system). She published her results in 1914 in a work entitled „Przyczynek do analizy kojarzen lancuchowych (“A contribution to analysis of memory link”). She was interested in the means for memory-link (chains) creation and she was probably the first researcher involved in this topic in Galicia.Cecylia Ostachiewicz-Bankowska-Trzcinska (1881-1943) – a philosopher, an educator and an activist. She was a specialist in issues of depth perception in side vision. She dedicated her thesis to this topic (1918). She was interested is how perception is changing along with the position of the object.Maria Wedrychowska Cyrus Sobolewska (1891-1920) – a philosopher and a psychologist. She was a researcher in the field of process of memory reproduction and she was interested in relations between perception, memory and reproduction. Her thesis was dedicated to that issue (1918). She conducted research on a very small sample, but her results are still valid.

Keywords: Wladylaw Heinrich, Stefania Adler, Cecylia Ostahciewicz-Bankowska-Trzcinska, Maria Wedrychowska Cyrus Sobolewska, Laboratory of Experimental Psychology in Cracow